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2-YEAR-OLD PLANTS -- 20-30cm plant height.
1,200 to 1,300 plants can be planted per acre. The plants are planted in rows, at a distance of 75 cm from each other, while the distance from one row to the other is the same. The best time for planting is from September to June. The best type of soil for growing aloe is the one with a slightly alkaline pH, because if the soil is too acidic (e.g. pH 8) the growth of the plant will be more limited and slow. The plant's allies are the sun and the temperate climate, while it cannot stand low temperatures and excessive humidity. The color of the plant is brown when it has a lot of sun and little water and clear green when it has little sun.
Thus, the most suitable areas for the cultivation of aloe are areas with a warm climate and with enough water, so that the plant is not forced to resort to its own natural reserves. In areas with severe drought, it is recommended to use the appropriate irrigation system. To ensure the proper growth of the plant you must protect it from air currents that could break its stem.
The ideal temperature for the proper growth and development of the plant is between 20 and 25 degrees C, while sudden temperature changes between day and night should be avoided as much as possible. An increased average annual rainfall is not necessarily required, but its growth is slower the less rainfall.
We suggest that when the producer receives the plants, he should keep them for about 1-4 weeks in the package he bought them in, in the place where he will plant them, so that they are better acclimatized when they are planted. It is good to open a pit of 15-20 points and put with our handful a little manure (ideal is the one that comes from sheep and hens, mixed, "extinguished" for at least 5 years). The plant does not need much water, depending on the field from 10 to 15 days from 1 to 1.5 liters per plant – these for spring and summer.
The plant after the second year produces offshoots, more than 10 each, which you can after a while remove and transplant, growing your crop or selling them to nurseries, so that you have an additional income from 2 years. When the plant reaches 4 years it produces a yellow flower which is the trademark of Aloe Vera (barbadensis miller). It is then the period when you can cut the leaves from the ground up because it has now completed the 200 plus components that characterize the plant.
From each plant you can cut at least 4 leaves at a time and for 3 or 4 times a year.
So from one acre we can get at least 13,000 leaves.
The weight of the leaf is from 400 g up to 800 g so in the hectare we can have about 7,000 kg of product. Each leaf can give 70-80% of its weight in gel form.